How To Buy CBD Oil To Treat Your Ailment

According to research, cannabis oil can be effectively utilized to treat numerous diseases and ailments, such as high blood pressure, migraines, anxiety, diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, PTSD, and epileptic seizures, not forgetting fibromyalgia. Because of how uniquely CBD works in the human body, it can even aid in the treatment of cancer.

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While most people who’ve used this wonderful product will admit that they have experienced significant relief from their symptoms or have even healed completely after consuming this substance, FDA hasn’t still approved its use as a regulated form of treatment.

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Fibromyalgia refers to a painful disorder that causes debilitating symptoms. Millions of people across the globe are now relying on CBD oil is an all-natural treatment option for their condition. About 10 million U.S residents are struggling with this disease, with women being more susceptible than men. It isn’t clear what causes fibromyalgia, but it’s believed that stress is a major culprit.

Regulating and managing pain with CBD

Fibromyalgia commonly affects people who have an extremely low pain threshold or those who are highly sensitive to pain. It’s also been found that most people suffering from this condition also experience migraines, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). All factors taken into consideration, being diagnosed with fibromyalgia isn’t exactly a death sentence. With CBD oil, patients can effectively manage their symptoms and lead a better quality of life.

There’s a pain-regulating system in the body that responds to various cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. This system often referred to as ‘the endocannabinoid system, is made up of receptors that respond quickly to Cannabidiol (CBD oil). These receptors are prevalent in the CNS (central nervous system), immune system, as well as the bone structure. By interacting with these particular receptors, CBD oil provides significant relief from unpleasant symptoms.

Medicals studies show that CBD oil can help fibromyalgia patients find relief from their pain as it binds to the body’s microglial cells, thus facilitating the reduction of cytokines and consequently reducing pain. It’s been established that microglial cells are a potential cause of pain, severe fatigue, as well as inflammation.
Compared to pharmaceutical medications, such as opioids, corticosteroids, and anti-inflammatory drugs, which cause several side effects, CBD oil doesn’t pose any serious effects on fibromyalgia patients. That’s why more and more people are now turning to this incredible treatment ‘option.

CBD is one of the major constituents of the cannabis plant. Unlike its famous tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) counterpart, CBD doesn’t make users feel high. Some thought that it would be an excellent choice for people who’re searching for the therapeutic benefits of Cannabidiol, but who quit smoking because of the undesired side effects.

There are two available CBD oil varieties for treating fibromyalgia: one that’s created from CBD-rich marijuana strains plus another that’s created from industrial hemp. Note that these two options vary greatly. CBD oil extracted from CBD-rich marijuana plants is often sold by regulated dispensaries located in legalized states. According to FDA, marijuana still remains listed as a Schedule I dug, that’s illegitimate for all applications. On the other hand, industrial hemp, which is the other common source of CBD oil has been legalized in about 50 states.

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Defining the True Seppala Bloodline

THE 1976 BOOK, The Seppala Siberian: A Breeder’s Manual, contained the simplest basic definition of Seppala strain:

Seppala Siberian: Any registered Siberian Husky whose pedigree lineage may be traced back exclusively to foundation stock bred by Leonhard Seppala or imported directly from Siberia.
This definition still holds good today, unchanged really since the 1940s when the distinction first began to be made between “Seppala Siberians” and other Siberian Huskies. It remains the one infallible touchstone to distinguish the true Seppala. However, the “registered Siberian Husky” reference is rapidly becoming obsolete now as Seppalas take on their true identity as a separate breed.
Attempts to re-define Seppala strain occurred in two books published in 1986 and 1992 by Douglas W. Willett, replacing the original definition to favour the Willett practice of cross-straining Seppalas with a wide variety of other stock, mostly but not all from mainstream Siberian Husky bloodlines. The re-definition involved an arbitrary “founders list” (which failed to include all known founders contributory to the strain), joined to a “percentage system” that attempted to quantify the actual proportion of Seppala ancestry in a given dog. The Willett percentage system has undergone continual change since its inception, according to the evolution of the Racing Siberian Husky based breeding programme carried out by Willett and his “satellite kennels.”

Large numbers of animals bred and sold under the Willett percentage system have tended to result in considerable confusion in the minds of many regarding how “Seppala” may be defined, as well as whether this or that individual dog should or should not be considered a Seppala. The practice of calculating a Seppala percentage for any Siberian Husky out of racing bloodlines has pretty much obscured the true Seppala genetic identity in the popular mind.

Actually the correct name for the ISSSC/ConKC sleddog is “Racing Siberian Husky”; that is what it should be called to avoid total confusion and to respect the traditional definition of Seppala strain. Current ISSSC practice appears to consider virtually any racing Siberian bloodline, including the Seeley-based strains like Anadyr and Igloo Pak, as a “percentage Seppala.” The ISSSC website claims 500 Continental KC “Seppala” registrations in the two year period ending in summer 2004! (This number does not include AKC Siberians from the same bloodlines not registered with ConKC, nor does it include the SSSD Project Seppala Siberian Sleddogs.) It is unlikely that even one-quarter of that number would satisfy the original definition given above.

There is really no need for confusion. Seppala ancestry is very easy to determine. Once a five or six-generation pedigree has been worked out for the dog in question, anyone can quickly verify Seppala status (although some lines may have to be extended another two or three generations). Every pedigree line should trace back either to one of the ten Markovo-period “Second Foundation” dogs, or to contemporary Siberia import stock such as the Sergei Solovyev dogs. The ten names to look for are as follows:

DITKO OF SEPPALA, SHANGO OF SEPPALA, VANKA OF SEPPALA, MIKIUK TUKTU TORNYAK, MALAMAK’S OKLEASIK, DUSKA OF SEPPALA, LYL OF SEPSEQUEL, FROSTFIRE ANISETTE, MOKA OF SEPSEQUEL, WILLI-WAW’S GALE OF CUPID.
No other pure Seppalas of the post-McFaul period engendered pure-strain bloodlines that survive today! (Other Seppalas were bred but only cross-strain lines survive today from any dogs other than the ten named above.) If every pedigree line not derived from contemporary stock from Siberia is closed by one of these names, no matter in what generation, then the pedigree is a Seppala pedigree, because all of these founders in turn trace their pedigrees back to the McFaul/Shearer Seppala mainstream.
December 2007 Update: Owners of “percentage-seppala” stock are advised that I.S.A. is not currently approving applications for exceptional acceptance of percentage stock no matter how high the claimed percentage. For a time we had hoped there might be a way to steer a middle way, accepting a few exceptional individuals from high-percentage Seppala bloodlines. As the situation has developed over the past two years, however, it has become less desirable for us to maintain an exceptions policy. There are basically three reasons for this position:
(1) Claimed percentages have been found to be consistently much higher than the actual McFaul/Shearer bloodline content, causing arguments about the actual percentage when analysis is carried out. ISSSC policy from the outset has been to exaggerate Seppala percentages, claiming “100% Seppala” status for many individuals whose actual McFaul/Shearer content may range from 88 to 95 percent, and claiming 75-80% Seppala content for mainstream racing Siberian bloodlines that were never eligible for inclusion in the SSSD Project. This in turn has led many owners to believe their dogs to be genuine Seppalas when such is not the case, at least in Project terms.

(2) Serious questions have arisen concerning pedigree reliability in more than one widely-distributed bloodline, cases in which DNA analysis has disproved the claimed pedigree. Thus we are reluctant to accept stock whose pedigrees are unsupported by WCAC/ISA photographic proof of matings. Percentage Seppala calculations and pedigree analysis have no meaning or usefulness when the pedigree itself cannot be relied upon to reflect actual parentage and ancestry.

(3) Pure-strain Markovo-Seppala stock has become extremely scarce, while “percentage” strains linebred on individual animals unacceptable to the Project has become widely prevalent. It is feared that if percentage applications are allowed at this time, under these circumstances, core Project bloodlines might be swamped by exception and grade applications.

For these reasons it is felt by the Board that in order to safeguard core bloodlines and to avoid arguments with applicants, it is prudent not to allow such applications for the time being. The safety of this decision is backed up by the quality of animals currently produced by the Solovyev/Seppala matings in Project stock, together with the addition of less-related SSSD stock from the Cal Segu bloodline. Since Project ideals are becoming abundantly fulfilled by the current core breeding programme, we see no need to complicate matters by adding RSH bloodlines with no clear end in view.
(A more detailed discussion of Seppala definitions can be found on the SSSD Project Website’s “Seppala Definitions” Page.)

The Story of Leonhard Seppala and Arthur T. Walden

Did they ever meet during the Gold Rush?
BOTH MEN were present for a time in Nome during the Alaskan Gold Rush. Seppala came from Norway to take up residence there in 1900, at the urging of his friend and subsequent employer, Jafet Lindeberg (one of the “Three Lucky Swedes” to strike the first $1,500-to-the-pan on Anvil Creek in 1898). Walden came to the Yukon and Alaska from New England, up from St. Michael to Nome with his team of dogs, by sail boat and on foot, in the summer of 1900, and lived there first with two men, Captain Major, a former sealer captain, and Jack Dustin, his former mate. That fall, after he and his propecting partner’s late season attempt to stake a claim near Grantley Harbor was flooded and washed away, he returned to Nome and took up residence in a sod cabin on the edge of the tundra, and said things went “rather hard” for him and everybody in town that winter. In his own telling of the time in his 1928 book, A Dog Puncher On The Yukon:

“The trips that I got in with my dogs just about paid expenses while they lasted, and most of them were only for a few days. But I was much farther ahead than the poor chaps who had no dogs and had no way of making any money whatever. The town took care of a great many of these people and gave them shoveling to do, but the saloon-men and gambers were the foremost in all charity work. There was a saying in this country, ‘If you ever want charity, ask it from the gamblers and the demi-monde.’
“When the winter was about half over, I had a call from a man who was commissioner at Point Blossom, north of Kotzebue Sound. he wanted to go over there prospecting, taking enough food to last till the middle of summer, when the boats would be coming in. I didn’t know this particular trip, and the three other drivers he engaged had never driven dogs until this winter and didn’t know much about rough work. My team was composed of six dogs in the old-fashioned Yukon hitch, tandem, with two sleds and a gee-pole. The other three teams used the old type of Alaskan basket sled, which is rather like the modern type used for traveling up there now, only longer. These latter sleds were twelve feet long and twenty-two inches wide.”
Walden began a return trip to Nome several weeks later to pick up food for the commissioner, but got snowed in at Topkok. He wrote he “spent the rest of the winter making trips to the outlying country.” One of these was with his partner Fred Fay and another man. At camp, they made a day trip to Nome for more rations, but when they finally got back to Nome later to stay, he said his own sod house was the first one they came to, planning to cook dinner there before the party dispuersed to their own homes. They found the place had been robbed, but luckily for the culprit, didn’t quite catch the man in the act. The friend of the commissioner’s who was supposed to have put up some money for food for him was “busted,” so Walden stayed put in Nome until April (1901), when he met a man that he said “shared the desire I had always had of going prospecting in the region bordering on the Arctic Circle.” Walden continues:

“The part we wanted to explore lay just south of the Circle and hear the east end of Kotsebue Sound. This country was just being explored. A few prospectors had run over it the summer before. It was a timberless, rolling tundra, and a terrible place for blizzards.
“We started and were gradually feeling our way along, not knowing exactly where we wanted to go, or where we should be, once we got there. The sledding was fairly good for the first hundred and fifty miles from Nome, but from there on we had a good deal of difficulty in crossing the rivers, which are small and troublesome in this section. Being practically busted, we had only a small outfit of two dogs apiece.
“We lived as we could, getting a good many ducks and geese, which had just begun to come in, so as to save our provisions. our general route led us at last to the headwaters of the Inmachuk Creek. Following this down we came to a natural hot spring, and, as the snow was giving out and the sledding had broken up, we decided to make it our headquarters. Here I remained for a year.”
Walden nearly froze to death on the tundra near the end of this journey, and later wrote; “My journey back to Nome soon after this was my last trip in Alaska with dogs. After coming in from the winter on the tundra I found Nome very dull.” A friend nursed him back to health, and Walden began to take on work again. This time, it was “surf-work”, ferrying passengers to and from vessels there in the Behring Sea in row boats. Soon thereafter, he left Nome for the “States” again, afterward writing, “Arriving in Seattle, everybody rushed to a furnishing store for a bran-new outfit from top to toe, and then rushed to the bath-house, where everything except memories was washed away.”

Seppala and Walden both began their dog driving careers with the big mixed-breed sleddogs that were characteristic of the Gold Rush era. Seppala’s first two sleddogs in Alaska were heavyweight mongrels named ‘Nigger’ and ‘Jack’, and one of Walden’s leaders during his time in Nome was named ‘Ribbon,’ described by Walden this way:

“This leader of mine was the first dog I had bought on the Yukon. He had come up from Norton Sound on the steamboat, a little while before, so this type of country was really like home to him. He was a large black malamute, of the old-fashioned type, and I had used him more as a leader than any other one dog. He had never gone back on me in any way.”
During his journey south of the Circle, his only dog left was named ‘Chinook’, his strongest dog, yet not a leader. He had to destroy ‘Ribbon’ due to the madness he contracted the season before.
Neither Seppala nor Walden later mentioned ever having met in Alaska, that the writer is aware, despite their simultaneous adventures in and around Nome. Seppala reported having first met Walden long after the Gold Rush, late in 1926, in Providence, Rhode Island; presumably where the challenge was issued to race his Siberians against Walden and his Chinooks. Walden had offered training quarters at his Wonalancet Farm then, in Tamworth NH, to Seppala and his dogs. After a short trip by rail from his final exhibit and promotional appearance (on his cross country tour) in New York City to Sandwich NH, January 1927, Seppala and Kingiak (a young Eskimo boy and reindeer driver hired by Seppala to accompany him across the country), hitched his Siberians in Sandwich and drove them at a relaxed pace (purposefully) the remaining way to Walden’s farm in Wonalancet. He was pleased that Walden had room for all his dogs in a large barn at Wonalancet Farm. Seppala soon became impatient, however, to learn how he might meet expenses for his dog feed and accommodations. Walden quickly interested Seppala in the race at Poland Spring Hotel in Maine, and set about gaining further financial sponsorship of the event by the Hotel to help with these expenses — since in these early New England Races, there were usually no race purses offered or wagers made, only trophies awarded.

The Wonalancet challenge weight pull
Arthur Walden and team going uphill
Walden shows off with his Chinook team
(Photo by J. D. Hunting, North Conway NH, courtesy Perry Greene Kennel Historical Collection)
During his stay at Wonalancet Farm in early 1927, Seppala challenged Walden that Togo (whose weight was then a mere 48 pounds in harness) could break out and pull any load that Chinook (100 pounds in fit condition) could pull. He offered this challenge only after hearing Walden brag of Chinook’s abilities in harness. Each man had observed the other’s dogs at work prior to the challenge and a bet for two cigars was made on the outcome. Seppala recounted, “Walden was a good sport and conceded that Togo had won the cigars for me.”

In his own words (from “Early Sled Dog Racing in Maine, A Frying Pan of Hot Meat Wrecked my Chances in the First Race” by Leonhard Seppala with Raymond Thompson), here’s Seppala’s amusing narrative of the historic pull:

“In any event, we finally left Wonalancet headed for Poland Spring, 90 miles away. The first day we crossed from New Hampshire into Maine and stopped for the night at Fryeburg. Walden, who had passed us with his team was waiting for us and had a good place arranged for to accommodate the dogs, my Eskimo, Kingiak, and myself. Also I learned that we were invited to speak at Fryeburg Academy, a school where once the great Daniel Webster had taught. By this time I had also learned that my competitor in the forthcoming race would be Arthur Walden. I already knew enough about him and his dogs to feel certain that I could win the Poland Spring race.
“The evening we were to speak at the Fryeburg Academy, Walden preceded me and proved to be a good speaker. When it came my turn, I spoke of the trails back in Alaska and explained that although I was 50 years of age, my physical condition was excellent and stated that I attributed this largely to my abstinence from alcohol and tobacco. To demonstrate my agility, I turned a summersault and handspring, and while doing this, two cigars, which I had won from Walden in a bet, rolled out on the floor. The audience let out a roar and gave us a great hand. They evidently considered it all a part of the show.
“How I came to have the cigars in my pocket is something of a story in itself. A short time before this, Walden had bragged that his Chinook would break out and pull a heavier load than any dog in the country. I had watched his dogs perform and answered with a challenge that my Togo, who weighed only 48 pounds in harness, could pull any load that Walden’s Chinook could. Although neither of us smoked, we bet two cigars on the result.
“The sled was loaded with several sacks of cement onto which Walden hooked his dog. Chinook could not even start the load until Walden had kicked the runners loose from the snow. I knew that Togo could do better but felt that here was an opportunity to inject a little comedy into the act. Kingiak, my Eskimo helper, hid one of Walden’s farm chickens under his parka and stepped out ahead of Togo a distance of 20 feet or so. On my command, Togo leaped to one side with his full weight straining against the collar, then another leap to the left and the sled runners were loosened. Just then Kingiak let the chicken clap his wings and Togo was upon him in a couple of jumps with a loaded sled following easily behind. Walden was a good sport and conceded that Togo had won the cigars for me. And that, as I intimated, was how I happened to have the cigars on me when we spoke before the audience at the Fryeburg Academy.”
The Poland Spring challenge race
Seppala’s 1927 team
The Leonhard Seppala 1927 team
(Photo courtesy Elsie Chadwick, The Siberian Husky Archive)
Walden didn’t think too much of Seppala’s little Siberian dogs. Seppala overheard Walden as he told Mrs. Ricker (race entrant and wife of the Hotel manager) so, upon their arrival at Poland Spring Hotel. The New England mushers had apparently picked up on the Alaskan catch phrase of “Siberian rats.” Seppala, for his part, seemed equally unimpressed with what he later referred to as Walden’s “big, awkward mongrels.” So the challenge had certainly been set; it was to be won, again, by Togo.

Seppala later described his first race in New England — the NEW ENGLAND SLED DOG RACE, Poland Spring, Maine, January (28-29 per race program, but 25-26 per Seppala’s account), 1927, as a series of hard luck incidents. The team bolted off trail and dragged him over a stone wall at the start of the race. Then they went directly thru the wide open door of a house on the bend in the trail, where a woman was frying a pan of hot meat on the stove, scaring her half to death and into a faint. Then Mrs. Ricker lost her team just after he had safely passed them; Seppala quickly made the decision to help her, saving her team from tangles and potential dog fights. She thanked him for his efforts on the trail and remarked that his stopping to help her would surely lose the race for him! Another report included a skunk having crossed the trail near the end, providing his Siberians with just the boost they need to finish first and fast, miraculously not bolting off trail again.

Seppala managed to finish in first place, in spite of it all, seven minutes ahead of Walden. He had methodically concealed his team’s true capabilities during training at Wonalancet Farm. Walden could hardly believe that Seppala had won. The judges reportedly cancelled the remainder of the race next day, due to icing of the trail overnight and in order to save the dogs’ feet for the next month’s scheduled 133 mile New England point to point race (which Seppala also went on to win!).

The Poland Spring race was a great thrill for Seppala that also won him many life-long friends, including his soon-to-become manager and Seppala-Poland Spring kennel partner, one and the same Mrs. Elizabeth Ricker. After the race, Seppala also gifted Togo, his favored leader, to Mrs. Ricker, in Togo’s retirement. After the race season, Seppala reportedly returned to Alaska in April 1927, and removed back to Poland Spring kennel again with his remaining dogs from Nome, in October of the same year. Also in mid-1927, Walden turned to the serious business of preparing dogs and drivers for the first Byrd Antarctic Expedition.

Chinook and Togo
It is remarkable that these two breed legends and most trusted leaders presumably shared barn quarters and trails during one fated racing season in Wonalancet NH and Poland Spring ME, January thru March 1927, especially given how otherwise divergent were the origins and travels of the dogs themselves, not to mention those of their drivers. Chinook was of Walden’s own breeding and a “Husky Half-bred,” “born of an Eskimo mother and a mongrel father.” Togo was of Seppala’s own breeding of his half-breed Siberian leader Suggen and a Siberian import bitch named Dolly.

That their descendants have met yet again in the International Seppala Association ‘barn’ this January some 87 years hence, this writer finds equally remarkable. Walden remarked in his book, A Dog Puncher On The Yukon, that he thought he had a full team waiting for him already in the happy hunting grounds. “But trouble will certainly be brewing, for they were all leaders,” he said. May the ‘trouble’ between Chinook and Togo remain in the brewing then! For above all else, the two remain legends in their own time, remarkable team and trail leaders, as well as breed founders.

Mission Statement

THE MAIN GOAL of the International Seppala Association is to advance and support the survival of historic sleddog breeds in their original form (as nearly as possible), doing their traditional work.
The Association was founded with seven distinct purposes enshrined in its Constitution.

Our first and foremost purpose is the protection, preservation and maintenance of historic sleddog bloodlines, particularly the Leonhard Seppala Siberian sleddog lineage and the Arthur Walden Chinook sleddog lineage, but we stand ready to assist others in similar tasks involving other historic sleddog lines.

The second purpose is to foster and encourage the preservation, furtherance and enhancement of versatile working sleddog ability in Seppala sleddogs, Chinooks and other historic sleddog breeds. No historic breed can long retain its original form unless it continues to do its traditional work.

The third purpose is to encourage the importation of indigenous sleddog stock from Siberia, particularly with a view to the genetic support and renewal of the Leonhard Seppala bloodline; and also to foster and facilitate efforts to preserve and provide genetic support to the Chinook bloodline.

Our fourth purpose is educational: to collect, preserve and make available general information, historic material and other data about historic sleddog breeds and bloodlines, and to foster knowledge and education about all aspects of historic sleddogs among the general public, the dog fancy, and those involved in such breeds and bloodlines.

Our fifth purpose is to collect, to keep, and to make available ancestral records and pedigree data of individual sleddogs in the breeds we support.

Our sixth purpose is to promote and stand guard over sleddog welfare in both the individual and the collective sense, and to take whatever action may be appropriate to protect and represent sleddog welfare, including making representations to government when needed.

Our seventh purpose is to sponsor and/or to hold any sleddog activities or support activities decided upon by our membership.

The International Seppala Association is a non-profit organisation of concerned sleddog owners, breeders and fanciers who donate their time and expertise in the service of the above purposes.

International Seppala Association

General Information
Copyright ©2018 by J. Jeffrey Bragg
THE GOAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL SEPPALA ASSOCIATION is the preservation, protection and advancement of historic sleddog breeds and bloodlines. Today’s mainstream AKC/CKC northern breeds such as the Siberian Husky and the Alaskan Malamute hardly deserve the title of sleddogs, apart from tiny minority populations within those breeds. They do not adequately represent the proud legacy of the working sleddogs who saved lives and provided daily winter transport in polar, arctic and subarctic regions of the world a century or more ago. Today, certain populations still survive that have always been bred as sleddogs and continue to serve that purpose, rather than the more common purposes of show dogs or household pets. The International Seppala Association provides support and services for sleddog groups of that kind.

Two famous dog drivers who each founded a breed
LEONHARD SEPPALA became famous in Alaska as an all-time great dog driver of unparalleled ability in the handling and training of sleddogs. His Siberian dogs were the basis for his domination of the Nome Sweepstakes in the last three years of its existence. He later won fame throughout the USA for his crucial role in the dogsled delivery of antiserum in the 1925 Nome diphtheria epidemic. Seppala worked with and popularised the Siberian sleddog in Alaska from 1914 until 1926. Following the Nome Serum Run, Seppala toured the U.S. with his dogs. His tour finished in Poland Spring, Maine, where he ran a historic challenge race with Arthur Walden. In that race he met Elizabeth Ricker, with whom he began a partnership breeding Siberian dogs in Poland Spring.

ARTHUR WALDEN had driven dogs in the Yukon during the Klondike Gold Rush; later he became famous for his exploits with his large tawny leader, The Great Chinook. Walden and his leader, together with 15 of Chinook’s sons, hauled record loads of freight over the antarctic barrier ice during the offloading of Byrd Antarctic Expedition I flag ship to base camp Little America. Chinook himself disappeared in the Antarctic night on his twelfth birthday and was never found.

WALDEN HOSTED SEPPALA and his Siberian dog team at his home in Wonalancet Farm and Chinook Kennels in Tamworth, New Hampshire, in the winter of 1926-27, when both men were actively breeding and racing their sled dogs for recreation, sport, and publicity. The challenge race at Poland Spring was a turning point in both their careers; Walden’s Chinooks were no match for Seppala’s Siberians that fateful day. Walden’s racing career ended there; he went on to gain fame for his dogs on the Byrd Expedition, while Seppala pursued a successful race circuit in New England and Canada during the same period, gaining widespread renown for his “Seppala Siberians.”

Historic legacy sleddog breeds
THE SEPPALA SIBERIAN SLEDDOG is the direct descendant of Seppala’s dogs from Alaska. A new importation of dogs from Siberia by the Seppala/Ricker kennel, the last to come out of Siberia before the Iron Curtain descended, contained two crucial brothers, “Kree Vanka” and “Tserko,” who were bred to Sepp’s bitches from Alaska. Core stock from Poland Spring, including the two Siberia import studs, went to Harry Wheeler in Canada in 1931. The Wheeler stock bred from those males and Poland Spring bitches became the basis for the Seppala Siberians that were well-known and respected throughout New England and eastern Canada in the 1930s and 1940s. The core bloodline passed from Wheeler through the kennels of William Shearer and J. D. McFaul during the 1950s. Then in 1963 McFaul retired without a successor kennel, and the bloodline came perilously near extinction. It was rescued in the 1970s through the breeding of Markovo and Seppineau Kennels, at the cost of a genetic bottleneck event. The close of the twentieth century saw great controversy, misunderstanding and confusion concerning Seppalas, along with misguided cross-straining with mainstream Siberian Huskies for speed racing purposes. The primary motive for foundation of the International Seppala Association was the preservation of the true Seppala strain from assimilation into the Siberian Husky showdog breed through continued cross-straining, along with the protection of its identity as a versatile multipurpose sleddog breed.

THE CHINOOK DOG is represented today by descendants of three progeny of Walden’s famous lead dog, Jock (m), Hootchinoo (m) and Zembla (f), all that were left after the Byrd Expedition and the takeover of Chinook Kennels by Milton and Eva B. Seeley. The breed is genetically diverse from recent outcrosses following a rescue and second bottleneck event in 1981 when the Perry Greene kennel closed. Like the Seppala sleddog, the Chinook has had genetic setbacks. Like the Seppala, it has endured controversy and division among its breeders. Like the Seppala, it needs to preserve its purpose and identity as a versatile working sleddog breed.

NEW SIBERIAN IMPORT STOCK became available once more in the wake of the breakup of the USSR in 1989. One such dog of classic Siberian type was obtained for use in the genetic renewal of the Seppala Siberian. Today dogs from Yakutia and Kamchatka are again available in small numbers. Traditional European and North American dog registries are not always prepared fully to serve the needs of these regional dog breeds. These sleddog breeds, older than any in North America, are at continued risk in Russia and elsewhere. The International Seppala Association welcomes them and looks forward to working closely with importers and breeders of autochthonous Siberian dogs to assure their continued survival and to meet their record-keeping needs and special requirements.

You can help historic sleddog breeds to survive
Dedicated dog drivers and sleddog fanciers can help in the task of preserving, protecting and advancing these and other historic legacy sleddog breeds — through RESPONSIBLE BREEDING, training and ownership, through helping make dog driving an ecologically and economically SUSTAINABLE SPORT, through accepting their share in the duties of HISTORIC BREED SURVIVAL, and through the recognition that RECREATIONAL MUSHING is vital to such survival. They can help also through membership in the International Seppala Association, which stands for historic sleddog breeds as such, rather than primarily for racing. We see all legacy sleddog populations as something more than just a means of ego-gratification through athletic competition. These breeds exist in their own right and for their own sake, quite apart from anyone’s notions about athletic elitism and sleddog excellence.